- Scientific name: Myrciaria cauliflora
- Family: Myrtaceae (myrtle, eucalyptus, clove, guava)
- Also known as: Jaboticaba or Jabuticaba
Slow-growing tree up to 13m tall. Leaves arranged opposite each other, not divided into leaflets (simple), up to 13cm long. Flowers white with a mass of stamens, forming in clusters along the trunk and branches. Fruits edible, spherical (globose) berries; white to purple in colour. Pollinated by insects.
- The purple fruits, which have a grape-like flavour, are a popular delicacy in Brazil. They're consumed fresh but the skin contains tannin, which can be toxic in large quantities.
- The trees are grown in gardens in Brazil for their beauty.
- The tree is cauliflorous, meaning fruits and flowers grow directly from the stems.
Where it grows
Native to Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Bolivia. It is tolerant of most soils but grows best in deep, fertile and leafy iron rich soils.
- Berry: simple fruit with one or more seeds immersed in a fleshy pulp; seeds not surrounded by hard seed coat as with drupes.
- Stamen: male organ of a flower, including the anther-supporting filament and the pollen-producing anther.