- Scientific name: Polygala myrtifolia
- Family: Polygalaceae (milkwort)
Erect, many-branched shrub up to 2.5m tall. Flowers white-purple, arranged in short racemes, at the end of branches. Wings of flower oval-shaped, and keel with brush-like crest. Fruits obovate capsules, narrowly winged. Pollinated by insects, particularly bees.
- The September bush is a common, widespread, pioneer shrub that flowers on and off all year round, peaking in the spring.
- The flowers resemble that of a pea-flower and close at night time.
- This plant was believed to enhance milk production in livestock.
Where it grows
Occurs naturally in South Africa, from the Bokkeveld Mountains near Clanwilliam in the Western Cape to Kwazulu-Natal. Commonly found growing on dunes, rocky slopes, in forests, along streams, in scrub and open grassland.
- Capsule: dry fruit that opens by valves, slits or pores to release seeds (dehiscent) and is composed of two or more united carpels (the basic unit of the female sexual organ).
- Keel: lower petals resembling the bottom of a boat.
- Obovate: two-dimensionally egg-shaped with widest part at the apex.
- Raceme: a flowering structure where the individual flowers are clearly stalked, the newest and last to open being at the apex.