Golden chalice vine
- Scientific name: Solandra maxima
- Family: Cup of gold vine
Shrubby climber with lots of branching stems. Leaves up to 15cm long with long leaf stalks (petioles). Flowers characteristically cup-shaped, up to 20cm long, fleshy and yellow with purple veins. Stamens long and attached to inside of flower corolla. Fruits conical berries.
- This relative of tobacco, tomatoes and potatoes is popular among gardeners because of its beautiful large flowers.
- The extract from this species is said to be used for its hallucinogenic effects in ceremonies of the Huichol people from Mexico. It apparently pre-dates the similar use of peyote cactus in ceremonies.
Where it grows
Dry-to-moist forests in open areas in Mexico, Central America, Colombia and Venezuela.
The flowers are fragrant at night, which attracts pollinating bats.
- Berry: simple fruit with one or more seeds immersed in a fleshy pulp; seeds not surrounded by hard seed coat as with drupes.
- Corolla: floral structure resembling fused petals, usually creating a tube.
- Stamen: male organ of a flower, including the anther-supporting filament and the pollen-producing anther.