- Scientific name: Pinus pinea
- Family: Pinaceae
Evergreen conifer up to 25m tall. Crown domed or umbrella-shaped. Bark orange/yellow brown, deep longitudinal furrows, scaly when mature. Branches horizontal, upswept at ends. Needles twisted, glossy, grouped in pairs, up to 18cm long. Each tree has separate male and female cones: male cones cylindrical, catkin-like, each containing two pollen sacs; female cones solitary or groups of three, up to 15cm wide, take up to 36 months to mature. Pollinated by wind.
Freaky plant that releases clouds of pollen
Tap a cone of the stone pine and a huge cloud of pollen billows out!Play video
- This is the tree is where pine nuts come from! These seeds are extracted by picking the cones and then heating them up. It is thought that pine nuts have been eaten by humans since prehistoric times.
- The stone pine has the longest maturing cones out of all of the Pinus trees.
- If you tap a cone, a huge cloud of pollen is released (watch the video on this page).
Where it grows
The stone pine is native to the Mediterranean climates of southern Europe.
The seeds are dispersed by magpies.
- Crown: cluster of leaves and branches at the top of trunk.