Yellow pitcher plant
- Scientific name: Sarracenia flava
- Family: Sarraceniaceae
Carnivorous herbaceous plant 40-100cm tall. Leaves in rosettes, arising directly from rhizomes (underground stems) with all or some modified to form long, narrow pitcher-like traps covered by lids. Flowers up to 5cm in diameter; yellow with long, thin petals. Despite being insectivorous, the yellow pitcher plant is also pollinated by insects.
- This meat eater from the nutrient-deficient bogs of north America has modified leaves that form trumpets to trap flying insects then slowly devour them.
- Carnivorous plants use insects to get some or most of their nutrients.
- Like other pitchers, the yellow pitcher plant contains sugars to lure insects in. These sugars are laced with an alkaloid (coniine) that intoxicates the prey, making it difficult for them to escape.
Where it grows
The yellow pitcher plant is native to southern and eastern states of the United States, including Florida, Louisiana and Virginia.