How to build an insect home

December 10, 2012
Author: Hannah

At our Freaky Nature with Bugs event this half-term (28 May – 2 June 2013), get the low down on the good, the bad and the ugly of the bug world; discover which bugs are plant-friendly and which definitely aren’t!
Why not try making your own insect home – or ‘hotel’ – out of junk, to give bugs somewhere to live? They’ll repay you when they help control pests and even pollinate your plants.

What you need

You can get creative with these insect homes, as there are no rules. We’ve even got a hot water bottle, an old jumper and a pair of shoes in ours! Here are a few things you might like to use:

People building an insect home out of pallets and recycled materials

Recycled stuff

  • Wooden pallets (These are essential – try asking at industrial sites and builders’ yards for free pallets.)
  • Plastic bottles
  • Broken bricks and tiles
  • Stone chippings
  • Broken plant pots
  • Corrugated cardboard
  • Drainpipes

Natural materials

  • Logs and twigs
  • Rotting wood
  • Spare rolls of turf
  • Dry leaves
  • Bark
  • Hollow plant stems
  • Straw and hay
  • Bamboo canes

How to build your insect home

  1. Choose a good spot for your insect home.
    Firstly, because most insects like cool, moist conditions, so a shady area next to a hedge or under the tree works well.
    Secondly, make sure the home has a firm base, because it will end up quite heavy.
    Thirdly, choose a spot where the insect home can remain for at least this winter.
  2. Create a structure with pallets.
    Layer old pallets on top of each other as tall as you’d like the insect home to be – ours are around eight pallets high, but five will do. Place any larger pallets at the bottom. Check the pallets don’t wobble; secure each to the one below (with string, wire or pull ties) if you need to.
Detail of an insect home, including plastic pipes and sticks


  1. Fill in the gaps with other materials.
    There are no rules as to how you fill the empty pallets, but here are some ideas to attract different insects:
  • Dead wood makes a great home for wood-boring beetles, such as the majestic stag beetle, and their larvae. It also supports fungi, which can break down the natural material. Centipedes and woodlice can burrow under the bark.
  • Hollow stems, canes, and holes drilled into blocks of wood are all ideal spots for solitary bees to lay their eggs. These bees help pollinate flowers (so helping your plants produce vegetables) in the garden. Because solitary bees like sunny spots, place these on the sunniest side of the insect home.
  • Stone and tiles provide lovely cool, moist conditions for frogs and newts. They might be best lower down, on the shadiest side of the insect home.
  • Hay and straw give insects a good place to burrow and hibernate.
  • Dry leaves provide homes for insects, just like leaf litter on the forest floor. Ladybirds hibernate here over winter – and they’re great for eating aphids in the garden.
  • Rotting wood and bark is where beetles, centipedes, spiders and woodlice love to be. Because woodlice and millipedes break down woody plant material, they’re an important part of your garden recycling system.
  • Corrugated cardboard rolled up inside a lemonade bottle will attract lacewings, which are really good at eating pests.

Tips on how to make an insect home with your community group

  • Discuss the best place for the insect home, taking into consideration forthcoming plans for the shared space.
  • Source pallets before you start, but then suggest that everyone brings their own junk and recycled materials to the session; give them guidelines on what sort of thing works.
  • Arrange a tidy up of your plot, so that you can use natural materials like stems and leaves.
  • Get a few stronger members of the team to put the pallets and heavy items in place, then invite everyone else, including kids, to stuff the other materials into the holes.
  • Come and visit the insect homes at the Eden Project for inspiration; they’re next to our big ‘Hive’ building at the centre of the site.

If you haven’t got time to make your own insect home but would like to give the bugs somewhere to live this winter, check out our selection on the Eden Project webshop.
Visit Freaky Nature with Bugs at Eden during the school half-term holiday (28 May – 2 June 2013), where you’ll find fun, games and some really freaky bugs!

Biodiversity, Community, Gardening

4 responses to How to build an insect home

  1. Diane Mcgary says:

    Nice! but, a little weird. :) I wonder what insect do they have?

  2. Tim Pryor says:

    This is so cool! I am just about to embark on building one for our small wood. We have such a wide collection of insects and this is the perfect piece of advice. Thanks for sharing :0)

  3. janet clarke says:

    a very good idea but not very glamorous…I will have to moderate mine when i do it. I just have the boxes you can buy in the shops, And i made a hedgehog hotel from a couple of pallets carefully covered with turf and filled with dry leaves.

  4. Michelle says:

    Fantastic we are on a mission now to make a great insect hotel, we have the pallets and as soon as its not pouring with rain, we will start…cant wait….kids are very excited thank you for all the tips…:o)

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