Facts

  • Known as a 'living fossil', the Ginkgo biloba is one of the world's oldest living tree species: it was around 350 million years ago!
  • The word ginkgo comes from the Chinese yinxing meaning 'silver apricot'. It was named the maidenhair tree in England because the leaves look similar to the native maidenhair fern.
  • Ginkgos are grown as hedges in China to supply the leaves for western herbal medicine. The leaves contain ginkgolides, which are used to improve blood circulation to the brain and to relieve Alzheimer’s, tinnitus and Reynaud's Syndrome. It is usually Europe’s number one selling herbal medication.
  • The fruit smells of rancid butter during the ripening process.

Where it grows

Native to Xitianmu Mountain in Zhejiang, China. Scattered in broadleaved forests up to 1,100m altitude.

Conservation story

The maidenhair tree is listed as ‘endangered’ by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Glossary

  • Deciduous: sheds all leaves annually.
  • Drupe: fleshy fruit that does not spontaneously open (indehiscent) with seeds enclosed in a stony endocarp.
  • Lobe: incomplete division in any plant organ (eg leaf).
  • Pedicel: flower/floret stalk.